What Is an Ovarian Cystectomy?

If you have endometriosis, you may have come across the term “ovarian cystectomy,” but what is an ovarian cystectomy and who’s a candidate for the procedure?

According to gynsurgeryinfo.org, an ovarian cystectomy is a minimally invasive procedure that removes cysts that have developed on the ovaries in a way that will preserve the ovary and fertility. This is done laparoscopically, meaning small incisions are made (usually through the navel) and thin tubes with cameras and cutting tools attached are threaded through so surgeons can work on the affected areas.

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However, not all women with ovarian cysts are eligible for an ovarian cystectomy as removal in this way may increase the risk of malignancy. Women who are post-menopausal, those with large ovarian cysts, twisted ovaries, or suspected cancer are advised not to have the procedure.

During the procedure, the surgeon will make small incisions near the navel and the far side of the bikini line near the affected ovary. They will then make a larger incision just above the pubic bones where a bag will be placed to put the removed cyst in to prevent any spillage of fluid from the cyst. The cyst will then be sent off for analysis to ensure that it is not cancerous.

The procedure is often performed as a day surgery, though patients are advised to take things easy for a week before they are considered recovered.

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