Endometriosis is a disease of the female reproductive system, in which endometrial tissue (the tissue that normally lines the uterus) starts growing outside of the uterus. These extrauterine growths can develop on or under the ovaries, the fallopian tubes or the tubes connecting the ovaries to the uterus, outside of the uterus, or in other areas of the abdomen.

Pain and infertility are the two main symptoms of endometriosis.

Causes for endometriosis-related infertility

Women who have endometriosis are 30 to 50 percent more likely to be infertile. The exact link between the disease and infertility is not well understood. However, it is thought that infertility may be caused by a number of problems linked to the disease, including:

  • a distorted pelvic anatomy
  • the formation of endometrial lesions on ovaries or fallopian tubes
  • endocrine and ovulatory abnormalities
  • an altered hormonal environment
  • difficult with egg implantation
  • altered egg quality

Treatment of endometriosis-related infertility 

There is currently no cure for endometriosis, but treatments are available to help manage the condition.

In the case of infertility, the first therapeutic option is usually a laparoscopy, a surgical procedure during which the surgeon removes endometrial lesions. In cases where the lesion or scar tissue is blocking a fallopian tube and preventing the release of an egg from the ovary, laparoscopy can be very effective in treating infertility.

If laparoscopy does not improve fertility, or the lesions cannot be removed for other reasons, assisted reproductive techniques such as in vitro fertilization are recommended, especially since multiple laparoscopic procedures may also reduce fertility. 

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Endometriosis News is strictly a news and information website about the disease. It does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. This content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read on this website.

Emily holds a Ph.D. in Biochemistry from the University of Iowa and is currently a postdoctoral scholar at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. She graduated with a Masters in Chemistry from the Georgia Institute of Technology and holds a Bachelors in Biology and Chemistry from the University of Central Arkansas. Emily is passionate about science communication, and, in her free time, writes and illustrates children’s stories.
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Emily holds a Ph.D. in Biochemistry from the University of Iowa and is currently a postdoctoral scholar at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. She graduated with a Masters in Chemistry from the Georgia Institute of Technology and holds a Bachelors in Biology and Chemistry from the University of Central Arkansas. Emily is passionate about science communication, and, in her free time, writes and illustrates children’s stories.
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