Endometriosis is a disease that affects the female reproductive system due to the development of tissue that normally lines inside the uterus growing in other parts of the body. According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), it is one of the most common gynecological diseases, and its primary symptoms include pain and infertility.
The areas affected by endometriosis are called patches, implants, nodules, or lesions, and are usually found on or under the ovaries, on the fallopian tubes, behind the uterus, on the tissues that hold the uterus in place, and on the bowels or bladder. Despite the fact there is currently no cure for endometriosis, there are treatments that help relive the symptoms.
The treatments for endometriosis usually address either pain or infertility and depend on the patient’s age, severity of the symptoms, severity of the disease, and if a woman has had children yet or not.